Comparative Study between Buddhism and Hindusim. The present study aims at a comparison between two great philosophical traditions of India, i.e. Mahayana Buddhism as represented by Nagarjuna and Advaita Vedanta as represented by Samkara. It estimates the contributions of the two systems to Indian philosophy and religion. As a turning point of Buddhism, Nagarjuna’s doctrines brought about a revolution in Buddhism. While Samkara’s Advaita Vedanta is generally considered to be the crowning achievement of philosophical speculation in India. His doctrine has influenced Indian philosophy for many centuries and still plays an important role in modern Indian society.